Er wollte eigentlich mit seiner Braut tanzen gehen. Da ging er zum Fest des Nosferatu. Er stand vor einer schwierigen Aufgabe. Hoffmann oder Edgar Alan Poe liest. Hier erhebt sich die Frage: "Kunst oder Nichtkunst? Sie alle verdienen restlos gelobt zu werden. Einmal wegen der Szenenbilder an sich, dann aber auch wegen der wundervollen Durcharbeitung der Szenen im einzelnen.
In herrlichen Naturszenerien schneiden Bauten ein, die einmal stilecht, zum andern aber phantastisch sein sollen. Gut gemeinte Umrahmungen, die aber unter mangelnder Vorbereitung litten.
Das soll nicht bestritten werden. Aber man braucht das nicht in dem Ton zu sagen, der an jene Inserate erinnert, bei denen die Pointe lautet: "Man kann zwei Liebhabern nicht zu gleicher Zeit dienen! Seine Filmmusik war eine feinsinnige Nachempfindung des Filmspiels.
Aber die Musici hielten sich wacker. Marmorsaal des Zoo. Er schrieb eine Sinfonie des Grauens, mischte phantastisch-Uebersinnliches mit real-Menschlichem und schug die Grundlage, auf der F. Murnaus Regie aufbaute. Gustav v.
Greta Schroeder mit tiefer Verinnerlichung spielte. Und Frl. Murnau, sein Bildlenker, stellt die Bildchen, sorglich durchgearbeitet, in sich abgeschlossen. Ein Motiv-Museum. Den Nosferatu gibt er einem Leinwandneuling: Max Schreck. Sein Wesen ist Alexander Granach, absichtlich betont grotesk. Erfrischend in all dem traurigen Dunkel: Gustav v. Wangenheim, der Held, der Lichtblick, der Besieger des Vampyrs.
Die Geschichte vom gespenstischen Vampir Nosferatu, der Tod, Pest und Entsetzen verbreitet, ist mit bannender Eindringlichkeit hier zum Lichtspiel gestaltet. Henrik Galeens Manuskript ist von wirkungsvollstem, ausgewogenstem Aufbau. Murnau hat mit der Inszenierung eine Meisterleistung vollbracht. Wagners Photographie holt feinste Valeurs heraus. Aber Orlok-Nosferatu ist in einem Sarge auf ein Schiff verladen worden und gelangt gleichzeitig mit Hutter in dessen Wohnort. Der Spielleitung F. Perhaps this outlook -was best expressed when he wrote:. But there was something else too; there was always something just ahead, a plan for tomorrow, something exciting to be finished.
Nowotny, Robert A. New York: Garland Pub. In order to produce a three-color subtractive color process a new three-strip beam-splitter camera was developed Fig.
AD Architectural Digest Germany - Juni 2018
The new camera employed a special optical system which exposed the green-sensitive negative film at one picture aperture and a bipack at a second picture aperture. The bipack consisted of a red-sensitive negative film which was placed emulsion to emulsion with a blue-sensitive negative film. The front element of the bipack was the blue-sensitive film.
To prevent any blue and green fight from reaching the rear red-sensitive film, the blue-sensitive emulsion, which was exposed through the base, contained a red-dyed gelatin overcoating which performed the dual function of antihalation layer for the blue negative and a filter which prevented all but the red light from reaching the red negative. After exposure the three negatives were developed to a gamma of in a conventional black and white developer, fixed, washed and dried. As in the two-color process these matrices were developed in a tanning developer which tanned the gelatin in the image bearing areas leaving the remainder of the film unaffected.
After washing the film was immersed in a ferricyanide bleach which converted the silver in the image to silver halide. This was followed by a hot water etch which removed the main image-bearing gelatin leaving a relief image.
The thickness of the relief varied with the density of the image which produced it. The silver that had been converted by the bleach was then removed by immersion in a fixing bath. The three matrices then had a hardened gelatin relief image which corresponded to the red, green and blue components of the picture, and were ready for imbibition printing.
Before the actual transfer was made to the blank transfer film, the sound track was printed from a black and white optical sound negative. From this a silver sound track was developed using a normal black and white developer. The track was fixed, washed and dried and the blank was then ready for picture transfer. The three matrices were passed through temperature controlled dye baths where the hardened images absorbed dye in proportion to the degree of relief in various areas of the images.
The dye transfer operation brought each dyed matrix while still wet into contact with a blank film on which the gelatin mordant receptive layer was already swollen. The yellow dyed matrix was first to be brought into intimate contact with the blank in the transfer machine. During the transfer operation the two films were held in accurate registration on a continuous stainless steel pin-belt.
After the major portion of the dye had been transferred from the matrix to the blank the films were separated and the matrix passed into decrocienating solution which removed any remaining dye, then it was washed and dried and was ready for re-use. The blank was washed and dried and was then ready to receive the cyan image which is transferred on top of the yellow image in accurate register. Once more the blank was washed and dried and the magenta image was transferred on top of the yellow and cyan images. The fifth major change in the Technicolor process has been the replacement of the beamsplitter cameras and the three-strip negative film.
With the introduction of Eastman Color Negative Film Type producers had available to them a film capable of producing a high quality negative color image without the use of special cameras. Further, since the processing steps used with this film were far less complicated than those required with previous color systems, processing was available at all of the major commercial laboratories.
Eastman Color Negative has become the almost universal film used in original photography. During production daily prints are made on Eastman Color Print film; when the picture has been finished and edited, matrices are made directly from the Eastman Color originals. After the matrices have been prepared the final prints are made by imbibition in the manner described previously. Modified D was used to develop beam-splitter negatives for both the two color and three-color processes,. Note: These dyes given as an example of what could be used USP 1,, There is no data published as to the actual dyes used by Technicolor Corp.
Ryan, Roderick T. London: Focal Press, pp. While Kalmus expanded the Hollywood plant, his technicians began the development of the three-strip camera that would be used in live action principal photography to generate the entire color spectrum for Technicolor Process Number Four. The Hollywood Plant was equipped to handle a moderate amount of three-strip matrix manufacture and dye transfer printing. Unfortunately, interest in the Technicolor company was by then minimal.
Few producers used the two-strip process, and the pitfalls of three-strip photography were unknown. Kalmus tried an alternate method of three-strip color photography to launch the process. Walt Disney had already made a technological breakthrough with Steamboat Willie in , the first cartoon that contained a synchronized optical soundtrack.
Color was the next logical step. Disney had almost completed a short titled Flowers and Trees in black and white when Kalmus approached him about shooting a three-color cartoon. Disney decided to take the plunge, and against the objections of his business partner and brother, Roy, scrapped the film and started again in color by painting the animation cells. To photograph the three colors, Disney and the Technicolor research department developed the successive exposure method, suitable exclusively for animation.